WORLD’S MOST ATHEIST COUNTRIES
The development of society, countries and even entire world has been manipulated in the name of organised religion. Historically it would often represent a person’s world view, their level of education; even their role within a community.
But today the significance of religion is not what it used to be previously.
According to a research, those with no religious affiliation, Whose they called “nones”, are growing faster than ever before. In North America, they are the second largest religious group, and in the United states, they have surpassed the Catholics and all Non- Christian faiths. With such an influx of peoples who are not committed to a spiritual deity, We wanted to know: what are the most atheist countries in the world?
Well first of all analysing non-religiosity is very difficult, because the term can cover a lot of different belief system.
There is positive atheism-which belief that there are no gods; Agnosticism, the belief that the existence of God is unknowable; and those who don’t ascribe to any major religion, but are nonetheless spiritual.
An estimate by sociologist and analysts shows that the total number anywhere from half a billion, to over one billion. According to a survey, roughly seventy-six percent of the world’s non-religious population lives in Asia and the Pacific. In these regions deity based religion is historically less influential than it is in western Europian countries. By comparison, about twelve percent of remainder lives in Europe, and other nine percent combined live in the north and south America. So while Europe remains very much religious, it may come as a surprise to find that the Czech Republic is one of the most atheistic countries in the world.
In 2015 poll, nearly three-quarter of citizens declared themselves religiously unaffiliated, which is the highest percentage in all of Europe. One of the biggest reasons is that throughout the twentieth century, while Catholicism was dominating the rest of the continent,religion was seen as an outdated relic of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Then in the mid-twentieth century, the country became part of the soviet bloc which under communism, deliberately avoided a religious clash.
By 1993, when Czechoslovakia dissolved into the Czech Republic and Slovakia, there was no historical religion to cling to and today an overwhelming majority of Czech claim their religion as “nothing in particular”. Another country that when surveyed claimed its population as an atheist is Japan. Nearly eighty percent of the country actually practice a form of ethnic religion called “Shinto”, and therefore technically, highly religious.But Shinto by its very nature doesn’t rely on a central deity and it references an actual religion is a relatively recent classification.
For much of its history, it was considered as a philosophical mythology that focuses on nature as a source of spirituality. It’s believed that all natural things have spirits which are sometimes referred to as Gods. So the description of Shinto as an atheist religion is surprising but accurate.With no scripture or dogmatic beliefs, practitioners of Shinto are considered atheists, making Japan one of the atheist country in the world.
However, in both practice and demographics, the largest collection of atheist is in China. Countrywide only seven percent to nine percent of the population claims belief in God. This lack of religion has deep historical and political roots, starting with the widespread belief to Confucianism. Not unlike Shinto, Confucianism is considered as humanist religion or philosophy, and it doesn’t have central deities. Alongside Buddhism and Taoism, these three spiritual religions have shaped a communal but atheist culture.
Additionally, China has been a communist country since 1949. and just like the formerly soviet Czechoslovakia, China deliberately avoids a religious ideology. Religion is seen as a tool used to oppress common citizens. Religion is seen as a tool used to oppress common citizen. and was explicitly outlawed by the country’s central leader, Mao Zedong. Today a number of law and regulations so prohibit religious observation.
For example, holders of public office are not allowed to practice any religion, and in 2016, new education rule banned parents from promoting religious beliefs in their children or in schools. Overall China is by far most atheist country in the world. As an additional material we have to mention North Korea, the rogue state is impossible to accurately survey, but likely has one of the lowest rates of organised religion. Because organised religion is firmly discouraged in favour of worshipping the country’s leaders.
Instead, many North Koreans practice the atheist tradition of Korean Shamanism and Cheondoism. In spite of the growing popularity of atheism in formerly religious religions like North America and Europe, the movement is unlikely to take over the rest of the world. In areas such as the Middle East and Africa, rates of atheism are incredibly low: between one and five percent While their populations are growing exponentially.
As a matter of fact, those who are religiously unaffiliated tend to be older and have fewer children than those who are religious.By 2060, the world will have more religion adherence than ever before, and its likely that the religion will continue to shape global society as we know it. In the next article, we will discuss those countries which are overwhelmingly dictated by religion and what effect has it had on them?